2016 Ending with Suicide Hotlines Ringing Off the Hook

Phones have been ringing off the hook at suicide hotlines since Donald Trump was named president-elect. The Suicide Prevention Lifeline is seeing calls “unmatched in the hotline’s history” with a response unlike that of 2008 or 2012. People were so afraid for their lives that they wanted to take their own. The heartbreaking reality of this is that it reveals a lack of faith, vision and purpose in people’s lives. These absences have led to confusion and anxiety so strong that we have reached the point would rather take their own lives than face this reality.

Is the Election to Blame? 

This isn’t happening to people because of the election but rather it’s a combination of things already going on in their lives. Many are already overwhelmed, stressed out, and broken and the stress of the election added to all of that. The election signifies dramatic change, which can increase the current state of distress and take people to a dark place. However, not everyone had this type of reaction to the news. Others have been affected in a positive way, even if they didn’t vote for Trump. The question is, why did the election produce anxiety for some and hope for others? The answer is perspective.

Have you ever noticed how some people attract problems in their lives while others have good things constantly flowing their way? Why is this?

There is power in perspective! 

The way we look at things will impact our entire being. What people feast their thoughts on will end up being reproduced in their lives.

The perspective that a person’s life takes is a reference to the orientation of one’s affections, desire, faith, and heart. There is power in focus and perspective. Where your thoughts go, your power and energy flow.

Emotions come and go, thought patterns change, but a person who is focused will benefit from having his heart focused on one direction. Someone with focus is more stable, happy, and productive in life. Remember, where your attention goes, power flows. Depending on their focus, they will be filled with spiritual light or darkness. Focusing on the things you are thankful for, having a mindset that seeks solution, and seeing potential is what will influence the world around you.

How do we deal with unhealthy perspectives and focus? 

Do you find yourself grumbling and complaining often? Do you focus on the struggles in life more than the beauty and blessings? If so what does it produce in your life? Do you have your best ideas and actions when you are afraid and stressed? This is not the most effective emotional state to produce the results we want to see in our lives.

Try to experience the benefits by going on a two-day negativity fast. No grumbling and complaining. No talking down to others. You will realize how much negativity you have wasted your energy on.

Realize that your emotions can be changed, though it’s not always easy. Your feelings are not your boss! You must change your perspective. Do something to disrupt the negativity and do it quickly. Is sadness rising up within you? Make yourself laugh, enjoy some comedy. Are you starting to eat something unhealthy? Put it down and choose a better alternative. Take control of your life. Are you bitter or angry with someone? Don’t allow anyone to destroy your peace. Forgive that person and move on for your own sake.

“I’m not negative, I’m realistic”

People are often concerned that by “acting” happy when they’re depressed, they’re being fake and lying to themselves and to others.


Remember, those are feelings – not who you are. You DO NOT need to allow them to have control and run your life. Why compromise your peace when you can counteract the negative emotions? You have the power and potential to do it. Don’t let feelings keep you from your destiny. Many spend their entire lives reacting to what they don’t want to be instead of responding to their life’s purpose. This is why having a clear vision for your life is so important.

Vision and purpose create a life worth living and a life worth living is one that makes a difference!

To anyone who is feeling afraid, angry, or confused about the election: regain your power. Don’t spend your life reacting to others or to your circumstances. When you blame others, you give up your power to make a change. You’re saying they control your thoughts, emotions, and subsequent words and actions. You are giving them the power of your own happiness and peace. Nobody likes the sound of giving control of their lives to someone else. There will always be situations that are out of our hands, but we can always control our reactions to them.

Whether it’s the election or day-to-day issues, remember the following: If you don’t like it, change it! If you can’t change it, change your perspective on it.

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Beliefs systems are the key to your success or failure

From beliefs come behaviors. So a wrong belief can lead to wrong behaviors & decisions.

Personal example. I had (and it can still come up) a belief that I could never do enough or be good enough. This false belief would drive me to burn myself out, neglect important people, my life and to carry guilt, shame, and self-condemnation. At first, I thought it was because I wasn’t disciplined enough (false belief) so I would add more on myself to fix this issue. But it wouldn’t last or it would add to my belief that I wasn’t doing enough. It was a vicious cycle. Now I have gained freedom in that area by changing my belief. I work from love and not for it. I operate from victory, not for it. My belief has changed, therefore my behavior changed. Just trying to change your behavior won’t usually last unless the root reason or wrong belief is dealt with.

Beliefs are assumptions that we have made about ourselves, others & the world around us. Beliefs become our rules – our expectations. Beliefs are also are things that we need in order for us to feel a certain way, whether it’s loved, happy, successful etc.  Let’s say there is a mother that has a belief that if she’s a good mother then her children will always behave a certain way. But the reality is, kids are not always going to behave that certain way. These beliefs are usually not based on reality but rather our past experience, or something we learned when we were growing up. You can imagine how this false belief can affect the mother and even her children.

Beliefs are rules, but values are emotional states that you think are important to either experience or avoid. They are states that we either want to move towards or away from. If I ask you “what do you value?” You my might say your spouse, your children, your house, or your car but actually, what you value are the feelings that those things bring you.

For example, if you value your family, it’s really the feeling of security and love. If you value your car it’s the feeling of adventure, freedom, protection, or status.

The things we value are actually behind these objects or people.

When values & beliefs don’t agree it will cause unrest in your life.

If you value the connection with your family when you get home from work but you have a belief that you must work 60 hours in order to be successful, this will cause a conflict either way.

Don’t just think your beliefs & values are right, you must be brutally honest with yourself. Oprah for example.. She is a very successful woman who helps a lot of people in the process. Yet in an interview she said that she won’t “feel” successful until she is totally comfortable with who she is. Oprah was abandoned by her parents when she was younger and was sexually assaulted so this belief she has is setting her up for unrest. If those beliefs and values are not changed, she could go her whole life never feeling “okay” with herself.


What are beliefs?
How do beliefs affect our lives? (good and bad)


Beliefs and values affect our quality of life and they can be changed. Write down at least two areas in which your values and beliefs are not in agreement.

Richard Martinez

Transformation Expert

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Definition of Criticism:

  1. To find fault with: criticized the decision as unrealistic.
  2. To judge the merits and faults of; analyze and evaluate.

We don’t need a special gift or powerful discernment to see our faults and weaknesses in people. Whether it’s with our appearance or abilities, we know we have faults and weaknesses. We are all somewhat aware of what we lack. We know we sometimes do wrong and fall short. When I ask people, “What are your weaknesses?”, 95% of the time they will quickly give me a list. The sad thing is that when I say, “okay, now what are your strengths?” Most of the time they have a lot of trouble giving me this list. Many times they will ask me to help because they can’t think of any, so I quickly give them a list. After doing this, they realize how difficult it was to think of their strengths and it’s at that time that I ask, “Why is it so easy for you to give me a list of your weaknesses yet so hard for you to share your strengths?”

What is Self-Criticism?

Self-criticism is something that can rob and kill your life. I’m not talking about self-examination, which is what I want to encourage you to do.

Self-examination is self-criticism through love. Speaking the truth in love. It’s truth that empowers.

Self-Examination is necessary to keep us advancing in every area of our lives.

Self-Examination is looking at yourself and being honest about who you are and who you are not (true humility).

Self-examination is to clearly look at yourself and life in order to be most effective in your stewarding your life in a way that has direction & purpose.

Self-examination isn’t fault-finding but rather potential finding.

I believe that the level of self-criticism I see in a person is an indicator of how capable that person is to love those around them. I have noticed that the people who are hard on themselves are usually hard on those around them. How they feel about themselves is a main ingredient in how they will treat others.

If you can see your faults and weaknesses, great! This means you are not in denial. The key is, DO NOT dwell on them. Look past the problem into the potential. Anyone can see the problem. You don’t need to be gifted to do that. To be able to see past the problem and into the potential means being intentional. This also applies when looking at others. Instead of reacting or getting annoyed with others’ faults and weaknesses, see past those problems and into their potential.

Applying this principle will change your life. It gets you to live in a constantly renewed mind that sees good. What you behold, you will become. If you focus on good, you become better but if you focus on the negatives, they will hold you back and take you down.

Richard Martinez
Transformational Expert

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Broken people live fractured lives and break others. Healthy people live healthy lives and heal others.

You will always reproduce the environment around you that you cultivate within you. In other words your internal reality will define your outward.

Many people have pain inside them that hasn’t been dealt with. The roots of these fractures could be traced all the way back to our conception. The circumstances of our birth and upbringing can cause us to believe lies about ourselves that keep us from the reality of our true identity. The result of these lies is that we develop patterns of behavior that are designed to protect us in a hostile world. We think we have to do whatever it takes to kill the pain and simply survive.

Learning to Love Yourself

We must get the realization of your value and begin to step out of the prison and into the palace. Out of defeat and into your destiny. No longer focusing on your problems rather on your purpose.

When we lack love for ourselves we lack the belief for good things for ourselves and will eventually sabotage ourselves. Just as when someone values us more than we value ourselves, we tend to sabotage our relationship with that person. Secretly, we don’t want them to get close enough to find out that we aren’t as good as they think we are.

When we are trained to feel insignificant, we develop survival skills to try to avoid the pain in turn we avoid love & relationships at the same time. Inward pains that have not been healed produce false beliefs and fears and we become defense to the world around you.

Many people spend their entire lives reacting to what they don’t want to be instead of responding to the call & purpose in their lives. Our past can become our prison. One of the ways we tether ourselves to the past is by reacting to those who abused us and spending our lives trying not to be like them. Yet, people typically become like the person they most despise. You will become what you behold, therefore if you are constantly beholding the person you are trying not to be most likely you will become like them.

We Become What We Imagine

Prov. 23:7 “For as he thinks in his heart, so is he.”

We tend to reproduce what we feast our thoughts upon. What I am realizing about many of us is that we spend much of our lives reacting to what we don’t want to be instead of responding to the call & purpose of our lives.

What are three things that are valuable about you?

How do those three things help other people?

How can those three things help on a greater level?


For the next few days wake up every morning and declare out loud the three valuable things you wrote about yourself and using your imagination visualize what you are declaring.

Richard Martinez

Tranformation Expert

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When we give our body’s downtime we are able to recharge and become more centered. When we get the rest we need and make relaxation a priority in your life you will create peace. Your tranquility surround your life and you will be better able to handle all situations that come your way.

You recharged when you take time to pursue your passions and hobbies. Even though you are an adult, you playtime is important for you health and happiness. Taking time to go on a bike ride or going out with friends can be very refreshing. You can release any stress that you may have.

You body requires rest and sleep to function at its highest potential. That is why we should be making sure we get our rest. Resting your body allows your mind to be clear so that you can embrace your peaceful state.

Tonight I challenge you to take your time in preparing for sleep instead of rushing through you routine. This way you can appreciate the process of preparing for rest and begin getting your full being ready for rest. Joyfully get into your neatly made bed and breathe deeply several times being thankful for your bed, for your body, for you life. This prepares you to receive rest fully. As you drift off to sleep you can appreciate the stillness of the room and the stillness of your mind. When you awake, you will feel renewed and can start your day off with the power of peace.

Have you taken the time to play?

Did you get an appropriate amount of sleep last night?

What is your nighttime routine?

Richard Martinez

Transformation Expert

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I know for many type A, dominate, goal oriented personalities it can be difficult to relax and rest. For others they need to get off their butts and get to work but… right now ill be talking to those who find it hard to rest.

First you must stop feeling guilty about relaxing and that it’s a waste of time! How? By knowing what it will produce for you. It will make you more productive and reach more goals! If you look at it that way, isn’t it more inviting? Ha!

Relaxation is so important to our wellbeing. We should take at least a night off each month to do something you enjoy knowing that it leads to a greater health and productivity. When you work, you do it with all your heart and when you relax, you should learn to allow yourself to be equally present and engaged with the activity and goal at hand.

Maybe you will choose to watch a movie, or maybe a hike or even another time simply reading a good book. Whatever you choose to do, taking time for yourself renews your energy. When you go back to your routine tasks and responsibilities you will find yourself more focused and productive, with a more positive perspective and the obstacles at hand.

With the ability to relax you will be better able to deal with challenges that come up in daily life. You must become unapologetic about taking this time for yourself because you know that relaxation makes you a better person all around. You become more competent and better to meet the needs of life.

What do you enjoy doing the most?

When was the last time you allowed yourself to do something relaxing just for yourself?

Which upcoming evening can you plan to set aside for relaxation and fun?

Richard Martinez

Transformation Expert



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How do you love and be loved without getting hurt? The truth is if we are truly going to love and be loved, pain will be a part of our experience.

Let me start by saying that it’s my opinion that love is the greatest need that we have as human being have along with food and water. Jim Al-Khalili a physicist says, “love is a powerful neurological condition like hunger or thirst, only more permanent”. Philippa Perry a philosopher says, “Love is above all”. Catherine Whybourne a Benedictine nun says, “Love is more easily experienced than defined…The paradox of love is that it is supremely free yet attaches us with bonds stronger than death. It cannot be bought or sold; there is nothing it cannot face; love is life’s greatest blessing.” In researching perspectives of love I found an article that says, “Deprivation comes in many shapes and forms: lack of food, diseases, maltreatment, and child abuse are some of the harms that come to mind. However, I would argue that deprivation of love can be just as deadly” 

There are so many definitions of love out there but here are a few:

–       “An affection of the mind excited by beauty and worth of any kind… Love between opposites sexes, is a compound affection, consisting of esteem, benevolence, and animal desire” American Dictionary of The English Language 1828

 –       “This love is unconditional affection with no limits or conditions: completely loving someone. It’s when you trust the other with your life and when you would do anything for each other. When you love someone you want nothing more than for them to be truly happy no matter what it takes because that’s how much you care about them and because their needs come before your own. You hide nothing of yourself and can tell the other anything because you know they accept you just the way you are and vice versa.” Urban Dictionary

 –       Love = Warmth, Nourishment and Protection

 –       “Love is patient, love is kind and is not jealous; love does not brag and is not arrogant, does not act unbecomingly; it does not seek its own, is not provoked, does not take into account a wrong suffered, does not rejoice in unrighteousness, but rejoices with the truth; bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. Love never fails…” 1Cor 13:4-8

Why do we need to experience pain if we are truly going to love and be loved?

Trust is that love and pain are born in the same place. Love is birthed in a “womb” and this womb is a place of vulnerability and intimacy. Vulnerability causes us to be susceptible to different levels of pain. This is why one must come to a personal conclusion if love is worth the risk. There is a, “counting the cost” involved in love but this counting the cost is in the very nature of love itself.

When you are willing to make yourself vulnerable to someone you are essentially communicating to him or her that you are willing to give them your heart. Your heart is valuable to you therefore this shows your value for them. It shows that you trust and value them enough to have a level of intimacy or in-to-me-u-see. This in turn causes them to feel valued, trusted, respected, heard, understood or in one word, Loved.

Understand this, love is as food and water, without it we die (internally). I encourage you to “count the cost”, to love and to become easy to be loved. Let people in. In-to-me-u-see. This is where the love is born.

The Pain of Love

Than comes the issue of getting hurt. Since our hearts is valuable shouldn’t we guard them? It’s out of your heart that springs forth the issues of life therefore yes you must learn to guard your heart. What does it look like to guard your heart in a healthy way? I say, “healthy way” because many guard their hearts with defense mechanisms such as, anger. Anger says, “I’ll hurt you before you hurt me”. It’s a defense mechanism. Defense mechanisms hinder love and truth from entering into our hearts (Closing up & avoiding things can be another defense mechanism that’s robs us from truth and love).

So what does the “healthy” way look like? It looks like you being clear on who you are & who you are not (true humility). It is you knowing your identity and your value. Only than can you be confident about letting people into your heart space. Why? First, because you know who you are therefore can affectively give yourself to another and be able to receive the love in return. And secondly, because you value yourself therefore would not allow someone to abuse you in any way.

Therefore the, “healthy way” has nothing to do with what people are doing or not doing. It has to do with your own personal internal reality. When you have a peace and confidence within it will manifest itself outwardly too. We guard our hearts not through defense mechanisms but rather through the confidence and freedom we have within through knowing our true identity and value. With it comes to relationships we must be bold as a lion & yet gentle as a dove. Be bold because of the risk of getting hurt & gently because the opportunity to love and be loved.

There is a risk but love is worth it. Go and love and be loved!

Richard Martinez

Transformational Expert

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Your Inward Reality Will Define Your Outward Reality

A human being is an amazing complex unit. When thinking about our health and happiness we should not begin to divide ourselves into parts because each part does not function independently. Each part of our body functions together in harmony as a whole unit. As I get more into this topic understand for teachings sake I will teach about the different parts of our being in “boxes” so that we can gain a clearer understanding of our being as a whole.

What is the Body?

First understand that we are spiritual beings. We live in a body and we possess a soul but the real person inside of us is our spirit. Our soul consists of our mind, emotions and will but our bodies are obviously what we live in while we are here on earth. Our physical body houses our spirit & soul; it’s the ‘vehicle’ for our spirit and soul.

What is the Spirit?

Our Spirit is the ‘child’ of The Creator. Our spirit is the essence of ourselves. It represents our spiritual will and decisions &/or our urgency to make known who we are, and to love and nurture others. Our spirit is housed in a series of ‘bodies’ or ‘vehicles’, which, is our body and soul.

Quick Practical Tip

Healthy thoughts help to create healthy emotions. Having both healthy thoughts & healthy emotions will produce healthy actions. All this equals success & happiness in your life!

What is the Soul?

Our soul is our mind, emotions & will. Our soul is the ‘vehicle’ for the Spirit. Our soul expresses our moral values through our beliefs, words, actions, ideals, conscience, and intuition. Our soul is where are core values are established. Our soul is the ‘child’ of our Spirit

Now I will get a little deeper into our what our “Soul” is. 

Our soul is our mind, emotions & will.


Our brain processes info, makes decisions & sends millions of impulses through our nervous system everyday. Our brain decides how warm to keep our body, how much food to digest, where to send more blood etc. There is a process with what’s going on in the spirit & soul. The spirit & soul are influencing our thought process & the brain is influencing what is happening in the spirit/soul. It is the spirit within a man, which illuminates his being & reveals thoughts. It’s helpful to keep in mind the function of the spirit in enabling a person to think. The spirit is the energy quickening the mind. Again the point is that the entire person-spirit, soul & body is involved on ones thinking process.


We cannot assign emotions only to our soul. Our physical bodies also show emotional responses. Changes in our bodies can even be measured as emotions are aroused. We can have emotional turmoil within the soul, and also sadness in our spirit. We can have joy coming from our spirit while we can also have joy within our soul. We can be troubled in our spirit and can be grieved in our soul. Therefore emotions cannot be assigned to only one part of our being but rather that they are rooted throughout.

Examples: If you put an anti-depressant drug into your bloodstream your entire being will be affected. Other drugs can also cause sexual passions. One part affects the whole.

The Will

Where is a person’s will located? The will of persons permeates the entire being.

You can make conscious decisions at the level of your spirit not to sleep. However, the demands of the physically body will eventually overrule your conscious decision from your mind. How about breathing? You are capable of making a conscious decision right now to stop breathing. In that case, your/spirit to some degree is ruling over the natural governing processes of your body. However, you cannot hold your breath too long. You will lose consciousness & your physical body will overrule. Your physically body has some degree of control over your conscious decisions. Also, many drugs are so powerful that a persons thoughts & actions can be controlled by them. This shows us that the soul/spirit does not have a free will independent of the body. Again, we can conclude that the will of individuals involves & permeates the whole person.

As you can see we human are complex units. Each part of our body functions together in harmony as a whole unit. We must learn to look at ourselves as a whole unit in order to achieve and maintain a greater level of health and happiness in our lives.


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Your perspective and view about who you are and who you are not; along with your perspective and view on the world around you, can either limit you through your fears or can propel you into fulfilling your dreams.

I have found that people (including myself) can limit themselves due to their avoidance of discomfort and pain. Because of this avoidance, they gravitate toward pleasure or whatever feels good.

People avoid discomfort and pains, therefore, avoid intentional change and growth. I say, “intentional change” because no matter how much we try to avoid or control our life, it changes. Without conflict there can be no change. Think about it, change brings some level of discomfort and life is always changing.

Procrastination is a good example of this. Whenever someone procrastinates, it’s because deep down inside they have a belief that convinces them that avoiding the whole situation will feel much better. Many believe that avoiding the situation will make them feel better than actually doing it.

To break through this rut, we must turn this around and realize that avoiding will actually bring greater pain in the long run than if we take care of it today. We avoid things because we view them as painful to some degree. If this were not true then we would do it immediately.

At any given moment, our reality is based on what we focus on.
If we focus on the painful aspect of a task, then we will feel discouraged.
If we focus on the good and pleasurable results you will have if you take steps to accomplish the task you will get it done… the pain has a purpose.

In conclusion, we must change the way we associate pain and pleasure in order to change our behavior. Change your perspective to attach purpose and benefits to the pain and watch your life begin to RISE.

Richard Martinez

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RISE Programs

I have learned in life that my health is foundational to my success and happiness. A healthy lifestyle increases my production, produces a healthy mood, which results in healthier relationships. A healthy lifestyle increases my creative ideas and solutions for problems that I deal with on a daily basis.

Just think about this, when you are feeling at the top of your game, healthy, filled with energy and passion, how much can you produce? How is your attitude when you are at the top of your game? With these questions in mind, read about my recent mountain experience.

I was enjoying a hike in the mountains and watched an older man running through this mountain trail like a young teenager. I thought to myself, “Look at this man…many people find so many reasons to not be active, healthy, and do something productive yet he’s running up this mountain.” So we got an interview with him. I videotaped him to find out more about him and to see what motivates him to run up this mountain like he does.

This man inspired many people who were hiking there. A young guy saw me filming him and said, “That old man is a beast, he’s here almost every day”. I videotaped his story and him sharing his motivations, you can watch at www.riseprograms.com. This man was full of life and just exciting to be out there. Let us learn from the man in the mountains and reap the benefits of staying active, positive and working hard.

Here are some exercise benefits:

1. Keep you young
Workouts such as brisk walking or cycling boost the amount of oxygen consumed during exercise. Improving your aerobic capacity by just 15 to 25 percent would be like shaving 10 to 20 years off your age. Aerobic exercise may also stimulate the growth of new brain cells in older adults.

2. Reduce infections
Moderate workouts temporarily rev up the immune system by increasing the aggressiveness or capacity of immune cells. That may explain why people who exercise catch fewer colds.

3. Prevent heart attacks
Not only does exercise raise “good” HDL cholesterol and lower blood pressure, but new research shows it reduces arterial inflammation, another risk factor for heart attacks and strokes. Regular exercise helps to keep the heart muscle in shape and can ward off common cardiac problems. Cardiovascular training for the elderly increases respiratory intake and helps fight common illnesses, such as a cold or the flu. Vascular occlusion, or the blocking of arteries, can occur when you grow older. Exercise can help reduce the risk by lowering blood cholesterol.

4. Ease asthma.
New evidence shows that upper-body and breathing exercises can reduce the need to use an inhaler in mild cases of asthma.

5. Control blood sugar
Exercise helps maintain a healthy blood-sugar level by increasing the cells’ sensitivity to insulin and by controlling weight. Regular brisk walking can significantly cut the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

6. Protect against cancer
Exercise may reduce the risk of colon cancer by speeding waste through the gut and lowering the insulin level. It may also protect against breast and prostate cancer by regulating hormone levels.

7. Combat stress
Regular aerobic exercise lowers levels of stress hormones. For many people, exercise helps relieve depression as effectively as antidepressant medication.

8. Relieve hot flashes.
Increasing fitness by walking or practicing yoga enhances mood and reduces some menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes and night sweats.

9. Protect men’s health
Pelvic exercises help prevent erectile dysfunction and possibly benign prostate enlargement, a common cause of urinary problems.

10. Prolong life
Studies lasting many years have consistently shown that being active cuts the risk of premature death by about 50 percent for men and women.

11. Mobility
When you grow older, bones can become brittle and the muscles shorten. An elderly person can lose the balance and coordination that they have had their entire lives. Staying active helps keep the body flexible. Stretching routines will lengthen muscle tissue and help prevent wasting and shortening. Exercise can reduce incidents of arthritis and osteoporosis by increasing bone density and joint range of motion. If you are currently being treated for any chronic illness, your doctor can advise you of safe exercises that will improve your health.

13. Mental Health
Exercise is a natural mood enhancer. When you work out, the body releases endorphins that make you feel capable. If you are elderly and fighting the psychological effects of aging, exercise may be the key to giving you drive and energy. A sedentary lifestyle can affect you at any age, but after retirement, the days may seem longer. Take part in an exercise program to help fill some of the hours. An ordinary walk when you feel blue will enhance your spirits. Exercise will also improve cognitive functions. As you age, your memory may not be as clear as it once was. Exercise can help improve mental focus.

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